A man convicted of composing a plot to kill Einstein was fined a mere six dollars

In January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. One of the first actions of Hitler's administration was the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, which removed Jews and politically suspect government employees (including university professors) from their jobs, unless they had demonstrated their loyalty to Germany by serving in World War I. "German Physics" or Aryan Physics was a nationalist movement in the German physics community in the early 1930s against the work of Albert Einstein, labeled "Jewish Physics". A campaign to eliminate Einstein's work from the German lexicon as unacceptable "Jewish physics" was led by Nobel laureates Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark.

Aryan Physics activists published pamphlets and even textbooks denigrating Einstein, and instructors who taught his theories were blacklisted—including Nobel laureate Werner Heisenberg, who had debated quantum probability with Bohr and Einstein. Philipp Lenard claimed that the mass–energy equivalence formula needed to be credited to Friedrich Hasenöhrl to make it an Aryan creation. An anti-Einstein organization was formed, and a man who was convicted of composing a plot to kill Einstein was fined a mere six dollars.

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